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The Islamic Aqeedah is the basis for the State and its expansion

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 07


The Islamic Aqeedah is the basis for the State and its expansion

Hadith 6, It has been narrated on the authority of Junida bin Abu Umayya who said: We called upon 'Ubada bin as-Samit who was ill and said to him: May God give you health - narrate to us a tradition which God may prove beneficial (to us) and which you have heard from the Messenger of Allah . He said: The Messenger of Allah called us and we took the oath of allegiance to him. Among the injunctions he made binding upon us was: Listening and obedience (to the Amir) in our pleasure and displeasure, in our adversity and prosperity, even when somebody is given preference over us, and without disputing the delegation of powers to a man duly invested with them (Obedience shall be accorded to him in all circumstances) He said: except when you see clear kufr/ disbelief which you have proof from Allah (Muslim).
Hadith 7, I have been ordered to fight the people until they bear witness that there is no God except Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah and they establish the prayer and give the Zakat. (Muslim/ Bukhari)

Commentary:

A: It is not permitted for anything within the basis of the State to be derived from other than the Islamic Aqeedah. So its constitution and its laws must be taken from the Shari'ah.

B: The first narration is evidence of this point since it makes deviation from the Islamic Aqeedah the basis for rebelling against the rule, in other words the rule becomes illegitimate when it begins to implement anything which has not been derived from the Islamic Aqeedah in terms of legislation.

C: Other similar narrations mention not to raise the sword against the rulers as long as they establish prayer, or as long as they do not commit flagrant kufr, or they do not commit open sins against Allah (SWT). All of these indicate that it is the implementation and adherence to Islam that legitimizes their rule.

D: As Imam Nawawi mentioned, what is meant by open disbelief is open sin, which is clearly established by the proofs of Islam and is confirmed.

E: There are different positions amongst the scholars regarding when it becomes obligatory to actively remove the ruler, and Qadi Iyyad is narrated as holding that if there is clear evidence of disbelief and change to the Shari'ah and appearance of innovation then it becomes obligatory for the Muslims to work to remove him and replace him with a just ruler.

F: It should be noted that these narrations are all in respect to the tyrant ruler who in origin was legitimate and then his rule became corrupt, or within a system that is Islamic and it is only the ruler who needed correcting. In other words they are related to the correction of the ruler within the Islamic State if he went astray rather than these rulers today who never ruled according to any Islamic basis and their systems are un-Islamic in origin.

G: The second narration indicates that not only is the Islamic Aqeedah the basis of the authority and government but that the Messenger of Allah did not stop at that, rather he also legislated for Jihad and made it an obligation upon the Muslims in order to carry this Aqeedah to all people.

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Supplication for seeking guidance in forming a decision or choosing the proper course...etc (Al-Istikharah)
On the authority of Jabir Ibn Abdullah (ra) he said: The Prophet would instruct us to pray for guidance in all of our concerns, just as he would teach us a chapter from the Quran. He (saw) would say If any of you intends to undertake a matter then let him pray two supererogatory units (two rakah nafilah) of prayer and after which he should supplicate: اللّهُـمَّ إِنِّـي أَسْتَخيـرُكَ بِعِاْـمِك، وَأسْتَقْـدِرُكَ بِقُـدْرَتِـك، وَأَسْـألُـكَ مِنْ فَضْـلِكَ العَظـيم، فَإِنَّـكَ تَقْـدِرُ وَلا أَقْـدِر، وَتَـعْلَـمُ وَلا أَعْلَـم، وَأَنْـتَ عَلاّمُ الغُـيوب، اللّهُـمَّ إِنْ كُنْـتَ تَعْـلَمُ أَنَّ هـذا الأمْـرَ- وَيُسَـمِّي حاجَتَـه - خَـيْرٌ لي في دينـي وَمَعـاشي وَعاقِـبَةِ أَمْـري، فَاقْـدُرْهُ لي وَيَسِّـرْهُ لي ثـمَّ بارِكْ لي فيـه، وَإِنْ كُنْـتَ تَعْـلَمُ أَنَّ هـذا الأمْـرَ شَـرٌ لي في دينـي وَمَعـاشي وَعاقِـبَةِ أَمْـري، فَاصْرِفْـهُ وَاصْرِفْني عَنْـهُ وَاقْـدُرْ لي الخَـيْرَ حَيْـثُ كانَ ثُـمَّ أَرْضِـني بِـه

O Allah, I seek Your counsel by Your knowledge and by Your power I seek strength and I ask You from Your immense favour, for verily You are able while I am not and verily You know while I do not and You are the Knower of the unseen. O Allah, if You know this affair -and here he mentions his need- to be good for me in relation to my religion, my life, and end, then decree and facilitate it for me, and bless me with it, and if You know this affair to be ill for me towards my religion, my life, and end, then remove it from me and remove me from it, and decree for me what is good wherever it be and make me satisfied with such. One who seeks guidance from his Creator and consults his fellow believers and then remains firm in his resolve does not regret, for Allah has said: وَشـاوِرْهُـم في الأمْـرِ فَـإِذا عَـزَمْـتَ فَتَوَكّـلْ عَلـى الله( ...and consult them in the affair. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah... (chapter 3 verse 159)
Supplication for seeking guidance in forming a decision or choosing the proper course...etc (Al-Istikharah)
Fortress of the Muslim

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