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The Islamic Aqeedah is the basis for the State and its expansion

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 07


The Islamic Aqeedah is the basis for the State and its expansion

Hadith 6, It has been narrated on the authority of Junida bin Abu Umayya who said: We called upon 'Ubada bin as-Samit who was ill and said to him: May God give you health - narrate to us a tradition which God may prove beneficial (to us) and which you have heard from the Messenger of Allah . He said: The Messenger of Allah called us and we took the oath of allegiance to him. Among the injunctions he made binding upon us was: Listening and obedience (to the Amir) in our pleasure and displeasure, in our adversity and prosperity, even when somebody is given preference over us, and without disputing the delegation of powers to a man duly invested with them (Obedience shall be accorded to him in all circumstances) He said: except when you see clear kufr/ disbelief which you have proof from Allah (Muslim).
Hadith 7, I have been ordered to fight the people until they bear witness that there is no God except Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah and they establish the prayer and give the Zakat. (Muslim/ Bukhari)

Commentary:

A: It is not permitted for anything within the basis of the State to be derived from other than the Islamic Aqeedah. So its constitution and its laws must be taken from the Shari'ah.

B: The first narration is evidence of this point since it makes deviation from the Islamic Aqeedah the basis for rebelling against the rule, in other words the rule becomes illegitimate when it begins to implement anything which has not been derived from the Islamic Aqeedah in terms of legislation.

C: Other similar narrations mention not to raise the sword against the rulers as long as they establish prayer, or as long as they do not commit flagrant kufr, or they do not commit open sins against Allah (SWT). All of these indicate that it is the implementation and adherence to Islam that legitimizes their rule.

D: As Imam Nawawi mentioned, what is meant by open disbelief is open sin, which is clearly established by the proofs of Islam and is confirmed.

E: There are different positions amongst the scholars regarding when it becomes obligatory to actively remove the ruler, and Qadi Iyyad is narrated as holding that if there is clear evidence of disbelief and change to the Shari'ah and appearance of innovation then it becomes obligatory for the Muslims to work to remove him and replace him with a just ruler.

F: It should be noted that these narrations are all in respect to the tyrant ruler who in origin was legitimate and then his rule became corrupt, or within a system that is Islamic and it is only the ruler who needed correcting. In other words they are related to the correction of the ruler within the Islamic State if he went astray rather than these rulers today who never ruled according to any Islamic basis and their systems are un-Islamic in origin.

G: The second narration indicates that not only is the Islamic Aqeedah the basis of the authority and government but that the Messenger of Allah did not stop at that, rather he also legislated for Jihad and made it an obligation upon the Muslims in order to carry this Aqeedah to all people.

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Daily Column  -  29 Jumadi-ul-Awwal 1438

Daily Hadith: 26th February 2017

Narrated: Hammad bin Zaid
I said to 'Amr b. Dinar: Did you hear Jabir b. 'Abdullah narrating from the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) that Allah would bring out people from the Fire through intercession. He said: Yes.
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Supplication at the start of the prayer (after takbeer)
اللّهُـمَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَنْتَ نـورُ السَّمـواتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمَنْ فيـهِن ، وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَنْتَ قَـيِّمُ السَّـمواتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمَنْ فيـهِن ، [وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَنْتَ رَبُّ السَّـمواتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمَنْ فيـهِن] [وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ لَكَ مُلْـكُ السَّـمواتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمَنْ فيـهِن] [وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَنْتَ مَلِـكُ السَّـمواتِ وَالأَرْضِ ] [وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ] [أَنْتَ الْحَـقّ وَوَعْـدُكَ الْحَـق ، وَقَوْلُـكَ الْحَـق ، وَلِقـاؤُكَ الْحَـق ، وَالْجَـنَّةُحَـق ، وَالنّـارُ حَـق ، وَالنَّبِـيّونَ حَـق ، وَمـحَمَّدٌ حَـق ، وَالسّـاعَةُحَـق] [اللّهُـمَّ لَكَ أَسْلَمت ، وَعَلَـيْكَ تَوَكَّلْـت ، وَبِكَ آمَنْـت ، وَإِلَـيْكَ أَنَبْـت ، وَبِـكَ خاصَمْت ، وَإِلَـيْكَ حاكَمْـت . فاغْفِـرْ لي مـا قَدَّمْتُ ، وَما أَخَّـرْت ، وَما أَسْـرَرْت ، وَما أَعْلَـنْت ] [أَنْتَ المُقَـدِّمُ وَأَنْتَ المُـؤَخِّر ، لا إِاـهَ إِلاّ أَنْـت] [أَنْـتَ إِلـهي لا إِاـهَ إِلاّ أَنْـت

O Allah, to You belongs all praise, You are the Light of the heavens and the Earth and all that is within them. To You belongs all praise, You are the Sustainer of the heavens and the Earth and all that is within them. To You belongs all praise. You are Lord of the heavens and the Earth and all that is within them. To You belongs all praise and the kingdom of the heavens and the Earth and all that is within them. To You belongs all praise, You are the King of the heavens and the Earth and to You belongs all praise. You are The Truth, Your promise is true, your Word is true, and the Day in which we will encounter You is true, the Garden of Paradise is true and the Fire is true, and the Prophets are true, Muhammad  is true and the Final Hour is true. O Allah, unto You I have submitted, and upon You I have relied, and in You I have believed, and to You I have turned in repentance, and over You I have disputed, and to You I have turned for judgment. So forgive me for what has come to pass of my sins and what will come to pass, and what I have hidden and what I have made public. You are Al-Muqaddim and Al-Mu-akhkhir. None has the right to be worshipped except You, You are my Deity, none has the right to be worshipped except You.’ Meaning of Al-Muqaddim and Al-Mu-akhkhir: Allah puts forward and favours whom He wills from amongst His creation just as He defers and holds back whom He wills in accordance to His wisdom. E.g. Favouring man over the rest of creation, favouring the Prophets over the rest of mankind, favouring Muhammad (SAW) over all the Prophets and Messengers…etc.
Supplication at the start of the prayer (after takbeer)
Fortress of the Muslim

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