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Principles of Sources of Law

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 08


Principles of Sources of Law

Hadith 8, "How will you judge if a case is brought to you?" Mu'ath replied "I would judge by the Book of Allah" to which the Prophet (SAW) asked "And if you do not find (an answer) in the book of Allah?" Mu'ath said "Then by the sunnah of the Messenger of Allah." The Prophet (SAW) then asked "and if you do not find (an answer) in the Sunnah or the Book of Allah" to which Mu'ath replied he would exert his own opinion (meaning ijtihaad based upon the Qur'an and Sunnah) (Abu Dawud/ Ahmed)

Commentary:

A: Confirmation that the two principle sources of guidance and legislation for Muslims is the Quran and the authentic Sunnah.

B: If there is no clear direct text in the Quran and Sunnah for a specific issue - then the process of ijtihaad is for a scholar/ judge to exert the utmost effort to find the hukm shari' (rule of the Shari'ah) for what is confronting them.

C: The four agreed usool (basis) for rules according to the ahlul Sunnah are Quran, Sunnah, Ijma'a (consensus) and Qiyas (analogy/ reasoning).

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Daily Column  -  22 Rabi-uthani 1438

Daily Hadith: 21st January 2017

Narrated: Aisha
“When the Messenger of Allah (saw) performed Ghusl from Janabah, he would wash his hands, then perform Wudu as for prayer, then run his fingers through his hair until he was sure the water had reached the scalp, then he would pour water over his head three times, then wash the rest of his body...
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Remembrance said in the morning and evening
اللّهُـمَّ إِنِّـي أَصْبَـحْتُ أَُشْـهِدُك ، وَأُشْـهِدُ حَمَلَـةَ عَـرْشِـك ، وَمَلائِكَتِك ، وَجَمـيعَ خَلْـقِك ، أَنَّـكَ أَنْـتَ اللهُ لا إلهَ إلاّ أَنْـتَ وَحْـدَكَ لا شَريكَ لَـك ، وَأَنَّ ُ مُحَمّـداً عَبْـدُكَ وَرَسـولُـك .(أربع مرات حينَ يصْبِح أوْ يمسي)

O Allah, verily I have reached the morning and call on You, the bearers of Your throne, Your angles, and all of Your creation to witness that You are Allah, none has the right to be worshipped except You, alone, without partner and that Muhammad is Your Servant and Messenger. (Four times in the morning and evening.)
Note: for the evening, one reads (amsaytu) instead of (asbahtu).
Remembrance said in the morning and evening
Fortress of the Muslim

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