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Principles of Sources of Law

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 08


Principles of Sources of Law

Hadith 8, "How will you judge if a case is brought to you?" Mu'ath replied "I would judge by the Book of Allah" to which the Prophet (SAW) asked "And if you do not find (an answer) in the book of Allah?" Mu'ath said "Then by the sunnah of the Messenger of Allah." The Prophet (SAW) then asked "and if you do not find (an answer) in the Sunnah or the Book of Allah" to which Mu'ath replied he would exert his own opinion (meaning ijtihaad based upon the Qur'an and Sunnah) (Abu Dawud/ Ahmed)

Commentary:

A: Confirmation that the two principle sources of guidance and legislation for Muslims is the Quran and the authentic Sunnah.

B: If there is no clear direct text in the Quran and Sunnah for a specific issue - then the process of ijtihaad is for a scholar/ judge to exert the utmost effort to find the hukm shari' (rule of the Shari'ah) for what is confronting them.

C: The four agreed usool (basis) for rules according to the ahlul Sunnah are Quran, Sunnah, Ijma'a (consensus) and Qiyas (analogy/ reasoning).

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Daily Column  -  27 Jumadi-uthani 1438

Daily Hadith: 26th March 2017

Narrated: Abu Huraira
We participated in the Battle of Hunain along with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). He (the Holy Prophet) said about a man who claimed to be a Muslim that he was one of the denizens of the Fire (of Hell). When we were in the thick of the battle that man fought desperately and was woun...
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Supplications related to the athan (the call to prayer)
Immediately following the declaration of faith called by the mu-aththin, one says: وَأَنا أَشْـهَدُ أَنْ لا إِلـهَ إِلاّ اللهُ وَحْـدَهُ لا شَـريكَ لَـه ، وَأَنَّ محَمّـداً عَبْـدُهُ وَرَسـولُه ، رَضيـتُ بِاللهِ رَبَّاً ، وَبِمُحَمَّـدٍ رَسـولاً وَبِالإِسْلامِ دينَـاً

And I too bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, without partner, and that Muhammad is His salve and Messenger. I am pleased with Allah as a Lord, and Muhammad as a Messenger and Islam as a religion.
Supplications related to the athan (the call to prayer)
Fortress of the Muslim

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