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Principles of Sources of Law

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 08

Principles of Sources of Law

Hadith 8, "How will you judge if a case is brought to you?" Mu'ath replied "I would judge by the Book of Allah" to which the Prophet (SAW) asked "And if you do not find (an answer) in the book of Allah?" Mu'ath said "Then by the sunnah of the Messenger of Allah." The Prophet (SAW) then asked "and if you do not find (an answer) in the Sunnah or the Book of Allah" to which Mu'ath replied he would exert his own opinion (meaning ijtihaad based upon the Qur'an and Sunnah) (Abu Dawud/ Ahmed)


A: Confirmation that the two principle sources of guidance and legislation for Muslims is the Quran and the authentic Sunnah.

B: If there is no clear direct text in the Quran and Sunnah for a specific issue - then the process of ijtihaad is for a scholar/ judge to exert the utmost effort to find the hukm shari' (rule of the Shari'ah) for what is confronting them.

C: The four agreed usool (basis) for rules according to the ahlul Sunnah are Quran, Sunnah, Ijma'a (consensus) and Qiyas (analogy/ reasoning).

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
Next: Islam defines the rule, not the technicalities (difference between hukm and usloob) »
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Daily Column  -  3 Shawwal 1438

Daily Hadith: 28th June 2017

Narrated: Aisha
“The Messenger of Allah (saw) used to pray at night when I was beside him and I was menstruating, and there was a garment over me, part of which was over the Messenger of Allah (saw).” (Sahih)
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Remembrance said in the morning and evening
َعـوذُبِكَلِمـاتِ اللّهِ التّـامّـاتِ مِنْ شَـرِّ ما خَلَـق . (ثلاثاً إِذا أمسى)

I take refuge in Allah’s perfect words from the evil He has created.
(three times in the evening)
Remembrance said in the morning and evening
Fortress of the Muslim


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