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Accounting the Ruler

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 42


Accounting the Ruler

Hadith 53, The best Jihad is the word of Justice in front of the oppressive Sultan (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, ibn Maja)
Hadith 54, The master of the martyrs is Hamza ibn Abdul Mattalib, and a man who stands (in front of) an oppressive ruler and enjoins the good and forbids the evil and so is killed for it (Hakim)

Commentary:

A: Imam al-Munawi mentions that the word Jihad is intended in its linguistic meaning which is a general meaning.

B: The second narration indicates that the reward of the one who carried out the act of enjoining the good upon and forbidding the evil of the ruler and is killed for it, then he is alongside Hamza at the head of the ranks of the martyrs - which confirms that it is the best jihad which includes the specific Shari'ah meaning as well as the general.

C: Imam Aabadi states in his commentary that the scholars have said that a person is not exempted from ordering the good and forbidding the evil even if he thought it would not bring any benefit, rather it remains obligatory upon him.

D: Imam al-Siddiqi said it is the best jihad, because it indicates the complete certainty of the one carrying it out, and the strength of his iman, and the steadfastness of his certitude when saying that word to the tyrant destructive ruler whose tyranny and oppression is known, and he is not afraid of him, nor of his tyranny and power. Rather he has sold himself to Allah (SWT), and has put the order and right of Allah (SWT) before his own right, and this is different than the mujahid in comparison, since he is not in the same danger as the danger of the one who speaks the word of truth to the tyrant ruler.

E: To account the rulers is the most difficult task, and the highest form of enjoining the good and forbidding the evil, since as mentioned by Sheikh ibn Taymiyya if the ruler is righteous then the people will be righteous, and if he is corrupt then the people will be corrupt. So the correction of the rule and the ruler will lead to the correction of the society, and if corruption of the rule and the ruler remains then the society will remain corrupted.

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Daily Column  -  28 Dhil-Hijja 1437

Daily Hadith: 1st October 2016

Narrated: Aisha
A man said to the Prophet (p.b.u.h), "My mother died suddenly and I thought that if she had lived she would have given alms. So, if I give alms now on her behalf, will she get the reward?" The Prophet replied in the affirmative.
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Upon rising from the bowing position
مِلْءَ السَّمـواتِ وَمِلْءَ الأَرْض ، وَما بَيْـنَهُمـا ، وَمِلْءَ ما شِئْـتَ مِنْ شَيءٍ بَعْـدْ . أَهـلَ الثَّـناءِ وَالمَجـدْ ، أََحَـقُّ ما قالَ العَبْـد ، وَكُلُّـنا لَكَ عَـبدْ . اللّهُـمَّ لا مانِعَ لِما أَعْطَـيْت ، وَلا مُعْطِـيَ لِما مَنَـعْت ، وَلا يَنْفَـعُ ذا الجَـدِّ مِنْـكَ الجَـد

The heavens and the Earth and all between them abound with Your praises, and all that You will abounds with Your praises. O Possessor of praise and majesty, the truest thing a slave has said (of You) and we are all Your slaves. O Allah, none can prevent what You have willed to bestow and none can bestow what You have willed to prevent, and no wealth or majesty can benefit anyone, as from You is all wealth and majesty. This supplication is made optionally only in conjunction with the previous one.
Upon rising from the bowing position
Fortress of the Muslim

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