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Accounting the Ruler

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 42


Accounting the Ruler

Hadith 53, The best Jihad is the word of Justice in front of the oppressive Sultan (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, ibn Maja)
Hadith 54, The master of the martyrs is Hamza ibn Abdul Mattalib, and a man who stands (in front of) an oppressive ruler and enjoins the good and forbids the evil and so is killed for it (Hakim)

Commentary:

A: Imam al-Munawi mentions that the word Jihad is intended in its linguistic meaning which is a general meaning.

B: The second narration indicates that the reward of the one who carried out the act of enjoining the good upon and forbidding the evil of the ruler and is killed for it, then he is alongside Hamza at the head of the ranks of the martyrs - which confirms that it is the best jihad which includes the specific Shari'ah meaning as well as the general.

C: Imam Aabadi states in his commentary that the scholars have said that a person is not exempted from ordering the good and forbidding the evil even if he thought it would not bring any benefit, rather it remains obligatory upon him.

D: Imam al-Siddiqi said it is the best jihad, because it indicates the complete certainty of the one carrying it out, and the strength of his iman, and the steadfastness of his certitude when saying that word to the tyrant destructive ruler whose tyranny and oppression is known, and he is not afraid of him, nor of his tyranny and power. Rather he has sold himself to Allah (SWT), and has put the order and right of Allah (SWT) before his own right, and this is different than the mujahid in comparison, since he is not in the same danger as the danger of the one who speaks the word of truth to the tyrant ruler.

E: To account the rulers is the most difficult task, and the highest form of enjoining the good and forbidding the evil, since as mentioned by Sheikh ibn Taymiyya if the ruler is righteous then the people will be righteous, and if he is corrupt then the people will be corrupt. So the correction of the rule and the ruler will lead to the correction of the society, and if corruption of the rule and the ruler remains then the society will remain corrupted.

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Daily Column  -  20 Jumadi-uthani 1435

Daily Hadith: 21st April 2014

Narrated: Anas bin Malik
that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: (the angels) came to me and took me to the Zamzam and my heart was opened and washed with the water of Zamzam and then I was left (at my place).
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Supplication at the start of the prayer (after takbeer)
وَجَّهـتُ وَجْهِـيَ لِلَّذي فَطَرَ السَّمـواتِ وَالأَرْضَ حَنـيفَاً وَمـا أَنا مِنَ المشْرِكين ، إِنَّ صَلاتـي ، وَنُسُكي ، وَمَحْـيايَ ، وَمَماتـي للهِ رَبِّ العالَمين ، لا شَريـكَ لَهُ وَبِذلكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنا مِنَ المسْلِـمين . اللّهُـمَّ أَنْتَ المَلِكُ لا إِلهَ إِلاّ أَنْت ،أَنْتَ رَبِّـي وَأَنـا عَبْـدُك ، ظَلَمْـتُ نَفْسـي وَاعْـتَرَفْتُ بِذَنْبـي فَاغْفِرْ لي ذُنوبي جَميعاً إِنَّـه لا يَغْـفِرُ الذُّنـوبَ إلاّ أَنْت .وَاهْدِنـي لأَحْسَنِ الأَخْلاقِ لا يَهْـدي لأَحْسَـنِها إِلاّ أَنْـت ، وَاصْـرِف عَـنّْي سَيِّئَهـا ، لا يَصْرِفُ عَـنّْي سَيِّئَهـا إِلاّ أَنْـت ، لَبَّـيْكَ وَسَعْـدَيْك ، وَالخَـيْرُ كُلُّـهُ بِيَـدَيْـك ، وَالشَّرُّ لَيْـسَ إِلَـيْك ، أَنا بِكَ وَإِلَيْـك ، تَبـارَكْتَ وَتَعـالَيتَ أَسْتَغْـفِرُكَ وَأَتوبُ إِلَـيك

I have turned my face sincerely towards He who has brought forth the heavens and the Earth and I am not of those who associate (others with Allah). Indeed my prayer, my sacrifice, my life and my death are for Allah, Lord of the worlds, no partner has He, with this I am commanded and I am of the Muslims. O Allah, You are the Sovereign, none has the right to be worshipped except You. You are my Lord and I am Your servant, I have wronged my own soul and have acknowledged my sin, so forgive me all my sins for no one forgives sins except You. Guide me to the best of characters for none can guide to it other than You, and deliver me from the worst of characters for none can deliver me from it other than You. Here I am, in answer to Your call, happy to serve you. All good is within Your hands and evil does not stem from You. I exist by your will and will return to you. Blessed and High are You, I seek Your forgiveness and repent unto You. Allah does not create pure evil which does not have any good or contain any benefit, wisdom or mercy at all, nor does He punish anyone without having commited a sin. Something can be good in terms of its creation when viewed in a particular perspective and at the same time be evil when viewed in another way. Allah created the devil and by him, He tests His servants, so there are those who hate the devil, fight him and his way and they stand at enmity towards him and his followers and there are others who are at allegiance with the devil and follow his steps. So evil exists in His creatures by His will and wisdom, not in His actions or act of creating.
Supplication at the start of the prayer (after takbeer)
Fortress of the Muslim

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