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Society has a collective responsibility to prevent wrongdoing

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 41


Society has a collective responsibility to prevent wrongdoing

Hadith 52, The example of the one who stands for the Hudood of Allah and the one who compromises the Hudood of Allah are like the people in a boat, some of whom occupy the upper deck and some occupy the lower deck. Whenever those in the lower deck need water, they have to go to the upper deck to retrieve it. So some of them said, ‘why don't we make a hole in our deck so we do not harm the people of the upper deck?' If the people do not stop them, they will all fall and be failures, but if they stop them they will all be saved (Bukhari)

Commentary:

A: The description of the Messenger of Allah (SAW) of the Muslim society being like a community of people on a ship, whose actions each can affect the other, explains that the Islamic view that society must be maintained by its members each of whom is responsible for maintaining the public good, thereby explaining the true relationship between the individual and the society. This is in contrast to the individualistic outlook which dominates in contemporary times, and the philosophy that states that the society is solely made up of individuals so each is free to act as they please, where each person's concern is for themselves without any or little regard for others. This is reflected in the endemic corruption, crime rates, and neglect of both the younger and elder generations.

B: If the government and the people allow the prohibited issues to be infringed, then the whole of society becomes damaged.

C: The hadith explains through the metaphor that if the Hudood are established in the society, then the society will be protected, and if the Hudood are left, then the infringements will end up engulfing everyone (as can be seen for example in the rising crime rates).

D: Imam al-Siddiqi al-Shafi said that the hadith indicates that the one who infringes the prohibitions is destroyed by his sin, and the one who remains silent is destroyed due to his contentment.

E: Imam al-'Ayni mentioned that when the action of preventing the infringements is carried out, all of the people are saved, and not just those on the upper deck. And therefore the implementation of Islam and the enjoining of the good and forbidding of the evil is the way the whole of the society is protected and served.

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Remembrance said in the morning and evening
اللّهُـمَّ إِنِّـي أَصْبَـحْتُ أَُشْـهِدُك ، وَأُشْـهِدُ حَمَلَـةَ عَـرْشِـك ، وَمَلائِكَتِك ، وَجَمـيعَ خَلْـقِك ، أَنَّـكَ أَنْـتَ اللهُ لا إلهَ إلاّ أَنْـتَ وَحْـدَكَ لا شَريكَ لَـك ، وَأَنَّ ُ مُحَمّـداً عَبْـدُكَ وَرَسـولُـك .(أربع مرات حينَ يصْبِح أوْ يمسي)

O Allah, verily I have reached the morning and call on You, the bearers of Your throne, Your angles, and all of Your creation to witness that You are Allah, none has the right to be worshipped except You, alone, without partner and that Muhammad is Your Servant and Messenger. (Four times in the morning and evening.)
Note: for the evening, one reads (amsaytu) instead of (asbahtu).
Remembrance said in the morning and evening
Fortress of the Muslim

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