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Obligation of the Khilafah

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 05


Obligation of the Khilafah

Hadith 3, Whoever removes his hand from obedience (to the ruler) will meet Allah with no proof for himself, and whoever dies without the pledge of allegiance (to the ruler) upon his neck dies a death of jahiliyya (Muslim).
Hadith 4, Whoever removes himself from the Jama'at (the unified Muslim Ummah) by a handspan then he has taken Islam from his neck until he returns, Whoever dies and does not have a leader of the Jama'at over him then his death is a death of jahiliyya (Hakim)

Commentary:

A: These ahadith show the obligatory nature of unity upon the Truth, with the expression "by a handspan" indicating that any disunity however small is forbidden.

B: Islam obligates obedience to the consented ruler, which should be considered alongside other ahadith explaining the specific circumstance when dissension and even rebellion is permitted (such as when the ruler rules by other than Islam).

C: The pledge of allegiance referred to in the hadith is the pledge taken between the ruled and ruler, as exemplified by the Prophet and the companions after him, to rule the people by the Quran and Sunnah and in return to be obeyed.

D: The "death of jahiliyya" is an indication in the narration that to die without having the pledge of allegiance upon one's neck is prohibited, and therefore the existence of the pledge of allegiance is obligatory, which in turn necessitates the existence of the Khalifah with whom that pledge is made as mentioned by scholars such as Imam Taftazani, and also Shah Waliullah Dahlawi (in his book originally written in Persian izalatul khafa an khilafatul Khulafaa).

E: In the second of the narrations this point is made explicit, with the wording of the hadith being "does not have leader of the group (of Muslims) over him" explaining what is meant in the first narration by the metaphor "without the pledge of allegiance upon his neck".

F: To establish the Khilafah is in turn obligatory from the principle "whatever leads to a wajib is wajib", and this is an obligation which encompasses all of the people due to the generality indicated in the use " من " (whoever).

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Daily Hadith: 24th April 2017

Narrated: Abu Huraira
The Prophet (SAW) allowed the sale of the dates of the Araya for ready dates by estimating the former which should be estimated as less than five Awsuq or five Awsuq. (Dawud, the sub-narrator is not sure as to the right amount.)
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Supplication said after the last tashahhud and before salam
اللّهُـمَّ اغْـفِرْ لي ما قَدَّمْـتُ وَما أَخَّرْت ، وَما أَسْـرَرْتُ وَما أَعْلَـنْت ، وَما أَسْـرَفْت ، وَما أَنْتَ أَعْـلَمُ بِهِ مِنِّي . أَنْتَ المُقَـدِّمُ، وَأَنْتَ المُـؤَخِّـرُ لا إِلهَ إِلاّ أَنْـت

O Allah, forgive me for those sins which have come to pass as well as those which shall come to pass, and those I have committed in secret as well as those I have made public, and where I have exceeded all bounds as well as those things about which You are more knowledgeable. You are Al-Muqaddim and Al-Mu-akhkhir. None has the right to be worshipped except You. Meaning of Al-Muqaddim and Al-Mu-akhkhir: Allah puts forward and favours whom He wills from amongst His creation just as He defers and holds back whom He wills in accordance to His wisdom. E.g. Favouring man over the rest of creation, favouring the Prophets over the rest of mankind, favouring Muhammad (saw) over all the Prophets and Messengers...etc.
Supplication said after the last tashahhud and before salam
Fortress of the Muslim

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