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Obligation of the Khilafah

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 05


Obligation of the Khilafah

Hadith 3, Whoever removes his hand from obedience (to the ruler) will meet Allah with no proof for himself, and whoever dies without the pledge of allegiance (to the ruler) upon his neck dies a death of jahiliyya (Muslim).
Hadith 4, Whoever removes himself from the Jama'at (the unified Muslim Ummah) by a handspan then he has taken Islam from his neck until he returns, Whoever dies and does not have a leader of the Jama'at over him then his death is a death of jahiliyya (Hakim)

Commentary:

A: These ahadith show the obligatory nature of unity upon the Truth, with the expression "by a handspan" indicating that any disunity however small is forbidden.

B: Islam obligates obedience to the consented ruler, which should be considered alongside other ahadith explaining the specific circumstance when dissension and even rebellion is permitted (such as when the ruler rules by other than Islam).

C: The pledge of allegiance referred to in the hadith is the pledge taken between the ruled and ruler, as exemplified by the Prophet and the companions after him, to rule the people by the Quran and Sunnah and in return to be obeyed.

D: The "death of jahiliyya" is an indication in the narration that to die without having the pledge of allegiance upon one's neck is prohibited, and therefore the existence of the pledge of allegiance is obligatory, which in turn necessitates the existence of the Khalifah with whom that pledge is made as mentioned by scholars such as Imam Taftazani, and also Shah Waliullah Dahlawi (in his book originally written in Persian izalatul khafa an khilafatul Khulafaa).

E: In the second of the narrations this point is made explicit, with the wording of the hadith being "does not have leader of the group (of Muslims) over him" explaining what is meant in the first narration by the metaphor "without the pledge of allegiance upon his neck".

F: To establish the Khilafah is in turn obligatory from the principle "whatever leads to a wajib is wajib", and this is an obligation which encompasses all of the people due to the generality indicated in the use " من " (whoever).

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Supplication for seeking guidance in forming a decision or choosing the proper course...etc (Al-Istikharah)
On the authority of Jabir Ibn Abdullah (ra) he said: The Prophet would instruct us to pray for guidance in all of our concerns, just as he would teach us a chapter from the Quran. He (saw) would say If any of you intends to undertake a matter then let him pray two supererogatory units (two rakah nafilah) of prayer and after which he should supplicate: اللّهُـمَّ إِنِّـي أَسْتَخيـرُكَ بِعِاْـمِك، وَأسْتَقْـدِرُكَ بِقُـدْرَتِـك، وَأَسْـألُـكَ مِنْ فَضْـلِكَ العَظـيم، فَإِنَّـكَ تَقْـدِرُ وَلا أَقْـدِر، وَتَـعْلَـمُ وَلا أَعْلَـم، وَأَنْـتَ عَلاّمُ الغُـيوب، اللّهُـمَّ إِنْ كُنْـتَ تَعْـلَمُ أَنَّ هـذا الأمْـرَ- وَيُسَـمِّي حاجَتَـه - خَـيْرٌ لي في دينـي وَمَعـاشي وَعاقِـبَةِ أَمْـري، فَاقْـدُرْهُ لي وَيَسِّـرْهُ لي ثـمَّ بارِكْ لي فيـه، وَإِنْ كُنْـتَ تَعْـلَمُ أَنَّ هـذا الأمْـرَ شَـرٌ لي في دينـي وَمَعـاشي وَعاقِـبَةِ أَمْـري، فَاصْرِفْـهُ وَاصْرِفْني عَنْـهُ وَاقْـدُرْ لي الخَـيْرَ حَيْـثُ كانَ ثُـمَّ أَرْضِـني بِـه

O Allah, I seek Your counsel by Your knowledge and by Your power I seek strength and I ask You from Your immense favour, for verily You are able while I am not and verily You know while I do not and You are the Knower of the unseen. O Allah, if You know this affair -and here he mentions his need- to be good for me in relation to my religion, my life, and end, then decree and facilitate it for me, and bless me with it, and if You know this affair to be ill for me towards my religion, my life, and end, then remove it from me and remove me from it, and decree for me what is good wherever it be and make me satisfied with such. One who seeks guidance from his Creator and consults his fellow believers and then remains firm in his resolve does not regret, for Allah has said: وَشـاوِرْهُـم في الأمْـرِ فَـإِذا عَـزَمْـتَ فَتَوَكّـلْ عَلـى الله( ...and consult them in the affair. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah... (chapter 3 verse 159)
Supplication for seeking guidance in forming a decision or choosing the proper course...etc (Al-Istikharah)
Fortress of the Muslim

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