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Cronyism corrupts

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 31


Cronyism corrupts

Hadith 41, Whoever comes to the gate of the Sultan will face fitna (by being corrupted) and never does a Slave (of Allah) increase in closeness to the ruler except that he increases in distance from Allah (Ahmed/ Tirmidhi)

Commentary:

A: In order to maintain a strong Islamic rule, those in authority must be held to account by the Ummah. This accounting cannot take place unless the people hold themselves as independent from the ruler, and therefore free from being influenced by any favors or disposition towards them that would occur if they ingratiated themselves with those in authority.

B: This hadith has a warning of the corrupting nature of power, that it is not only a huge responsibility for those undertaking such positions, but those who try to seek closeness with the ruler in order to take some personal benefits will be corrupted, and this can be seen by the many who have begun their journeys with the intention of accounting those in rule and ended up cementing their position.

C: The Ummah of Muhammad (SAW) has a tradition of scholars who kept away from the authority in order to remain free from their influence and maintain their ability to account them freely and independently, such as Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, Imam Nawawi and Sheikh ibn Taymiyya.

D: The closeness in the hadith does not refer simply to physical distance, but rather is an indication that someone who is close to the authority and therefore does not account it but rather supports it even in its wrong will be far from Allah (SWT). So great scholars have in the past taken positions within the courts of the rulers, but have maintained distance in the sense that they would account any wrongdoing and not be influenced by the trappings of authority.

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Daily Column  -  27 Jumadi-uthani 1438

Daily Hadith: 26th March 2017

Narrated: Abu Huraira
We participated in the Battle of Hunain along with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). He (the Holy Prophet) said about a man who claimed to be a Muslim that he was one of the denizens of the Fire (of Hell). When we were in the thick of the battle that man fought desperately and was woun...
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Supplications related to the athan (the call to prayer)
Immediately following the declaration of faith called by the mu-aththin, one says: وَأَنا أَشْـهَدُ أَنْ لا إِلـهَ إِلاّ اللهُ وَحْـدَهُ لا شَـريكَ لَـه ، وَأَنَّ محَمّـداً عَبْـدُهُ وَرَسـولُه ، رَضيـتُ بِاللهِ رَبَّاً ، وَبِمُحَمَّـدٍ رَسـولاً وَبِالإِسْلامِ دينَـاً

And I too bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, without partner, and that Muhammad is His salve and Messenger. I am pleased with Allah as a Lord, and Muhammad as a Messenger and Islam as a religion.
Supplications related to the athan (the call to prayer)
Fortress of the Muslim

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