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Prohibition of factionalism, nationalism and wanton killing

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 29


Prohibition of factionalism, nationalism and wanton killing

Hadith 39, Whoever separates from the Jama'at and leaves obedience (to the leader of the Muslims) and dies then he dies the death of one of jahiliyya, and whoever sets out against my Ummah with his sword, and strikes the good of them and the evil of them, not keeping away from a believer due to his iman, and does not fulfil the covenant with the one who took it, then he is not from my Ummah and whoever is killed while under a flag of ignorance, getting angry for the sake of tribalism or fighting for the sake of tribalism or calling to tribalism then his death is that of jahiliyya (Ahmed)

Commentary:

A: Sheikh Ibn Taymiyya said regarding this narration "(The Prophet SAW) mentioned the rebels who revolted against obediance to the authority and the group of Muslims, and mentioned that if anyone of them dies then he has died the death of jahiliyya, since the people of jahiliyya did not use to appoint leaders over themselves rather each group struggled with the other. Then he mentioned the people who fought for factionalism like those who fought for tribal relations such as Qays and Yumanni, and he mentioned that whoever its killed under these flags then they are not from his Ummah"

B: There is also prohibition and condemnation of indiscriminate killing, and whosoever does that is not considered to be from the Ummah of Muhammad (SAW).

C: The nation state is essentially a larger version of a tribal structure, and the pride over the nation, its flags and its heritage is parallel to the tribalism of jahiliyya. To get angry, fight and die for the sake of these flags and nations is therefore as reprehensible as those mentioned in the narration.

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Supplication for seeking guidance in forming a decision or choosing the proper course...etc (Al-Istikharah)
On the authority of Jabir Ibn Abdullah (ra) he said: The Prophet would instruct us to pray for guidance in all of our concerns, just as he would teach us a chapter from the Quran. He (saw) would say If any of you intends to undertake a matter then let him pray two supererogatory units (two rakah nafilah) of prayer and after which he should supplicate: اللّهُـمَّ إِنِّـي أَسْتَخيـرُكَ بِعِاْـمِك، وَأسْتَقْـدِرُكَ بِقُـدْرَتِـك، وَأَسْـألُـكَ مِنْ فَضْـلِكَ العَظـيم، فَإِنَّـكَ تَقْـدِرُ وَلا أَقْـدِر، وَتَـعْلَـمُ وَلا أَعْلَـم، وَأَنْـتَ عَلاّمُ الغُـيوب، اللّهُـمَّ إِنْ كُنْـتَ تَعْـلَمُ أَنَّ هـذا الأمْـرَ- وَيُسَـمِّي حاجَتَـه - خَـيْرٌ لي في دينـي وَمَعـاشي وَعاقِـبَةِ أَمْـري، فَاقْـدُرْهُ لي وَيَسِّـرْهُ لي ثـمَّ بارِكْ لي فيـه، وَإِنْ كُنْـتَ تَعْـلَمُ أَنَّ هـذا الأمْـرَ شَـرٌ لي في دينـي وَمَعـاشي وَعاقِـبَةِ أَمْـري، فَاصْرِفْـهُ وَاصْرِفْني عَنْـهُ وَاقْـدُرْ لي الخَـيْرَ حَيْـثُ كانَ ثُـمَّ أَرْضِـني بِـه

O Allah, I seek Your counsel by Your knowledge and by Your power I seek strength and I ask You from Your immense favour, for verily You are able while I am not and verily You know while I do not and You are the Knower of the unseen. O Allah, if You know this affair -and here he mentions his need- to be good for me in relation to my religion, my life, and end, then decree and facilitate it for me, and bless me with it, and if You know this affair to be ill for me towards my religion, my life, and end, then remove it from me and remove me from it, and decree for me what is good wherever it be and make me satisfied with such. One who seeks guidance from his Creator and consults his fellow believers and then remains firm in his resolve does not regret, for Allah has said: وَشـاوِرْهُـم في الأمْـرِ فَـإِذا عَـزَمْـتَ فَتَوَكّـلْ عَلـى الله( ...and consult them in the affair. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah... (chapter 3 verse 159)
Supplication for seeking guidance in forming a decision or choosing the proper course...etc (Al-Istikharah)
Fortress of the Muslim

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