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The Imam is a Shield

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 26


The Imam is a Shield

Hadith 34, Only the Imam is a shield, behind whom you fight and you protect yourself with, so if he orders by taqwa and is just then he has reward for that, and if he orders by other than that then it is against himself (Muslim)

Commentary:

A: Imam Nawawi explained the shield as being a cover for those behind him, since the Imam is the cover which prevents the enemy from harming the Muslims. This is by leading the army, protecting the borders and organizing the Jihad.

B: Imam Ibn Hajr mentions that the Imam is also like a shield in that he prevents the Muslims from harming each other - and this would be by resolving the disputes through his order, appointing the judges and implementing the Shari'ah.

C: The word " إنما " is from the linguistic style of restriction, so the hadith negates that anyone other than the Imam can be the shield for the Muslims.

D: When looking at the abuse of the Muslims, it can be quickly realized that the major factor behind the continued and open attacks is because it is considered that the Muslims have no one to represent them, and this is true since the current rulers do not represent their people nor do they represent Islam. In contrast, in Islamic history the presence of the Khilafah meant that other nations were much more cautious in infringing the sanctity of Muslim blood, and when necessary recourse was taken.

E: The Imam is not perfect, and may do righteous acts for which he is rewarded and may also act otherwise and that will be against him with his account. So the Imam is not protected from sin, and not free from blame and accounting.

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Daily Column  -  27 Rajab 1438

Daily Hadith: 24th April 2017

Narrated: Abu Huraira
The Prophet (SAW) allowed the sale of the dates of the Araya for ready dates by estimating the former which should be estimated as less than five Awsuq or five Awsuq. (Dawud, the sub-narrator is not sure as to the right amount.)
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Supplication said after the last tashahhud and before salam
اللّهُـمَّ اغْـفِرْ لي ما قَدَّمْـتُ وَما أَخَّرْت ، وَما أَسْـرَرْتُ وَما أَعْلَـنْت ، وَما أَسْـرَفْت ، وَما أَنْتَ أَعْـلَمُ بِهِ مِنِّي . أَنْتَ المُقَـدِّمُ، وَأَنْتَ المُـؤَخِّـرُ لا إِلهَ إِلاّ أَنْـت

O Allah, forgive me for those sins which have come to pass as well as those which shall come to pass, and those I have committed in secret as well as those I have made public, and where I have exceeded all bounds as well as those things about which You are more knowledgeable. You are Al-Muqaddim and Al-Mu-akhkhir. None has the right to be worshipped except You. Meaning of Al-Muqaddim and Al-Mu-akhkhir: Allah puts forward and favours whom He wills from amongst His creation just as He defers and holds back whom He wills in accordance to His wisdom. E.g. Favouring man over the rest of creation, favouring the Prophets over the rest of mankind, favouring Muhammad (saw) over all the Prophets and Messengers...etc.
Supplication said after the last tashahhud and before salam
Fortress of the Muslim

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