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Oil, Water and Pastures are the whole Ummah's resources

Weekly Sultaniyya Hadith Source Week No: 21


Oil, Water and Pastures are the whole Ummah's resources

Hadith 26, The Muslims are partners in three, water, pastures and fire (Ahmed, ibn Maja)
Hadith 27, Three are not prevented - water, pastures and fire (ibn Maja)

Commentary:

A: According to the Shafi, Maliki and Hanbali schools what is intended by water that the people share and therefore cannot buy and sell is the rain water, river water and the like, and not water from private sources such as a private well. The pastures are the open areas of land which are not owned by anyone, or land which is not being used for agriculture and has the normal vegetation for grazing cattle. Fire indicates any natural resources which are used to produce heat and energy, such as wood, coal and oil.

B: Other narrations also indicate that people can possess and sell water as long as the community was not in dire need of it.

C: It can be derived from these narrations that whatever the community is in need of must be provided and cannot be withheld privately to the disadvantage of the people. So the state is responsible to provide the people with access to water and energy as required to fulfill their needs, and all public utilities as necessitated by the time and place.

D: It is therefore not permissible to adopt the model of liberal privatization whereby even the essential public utilities are sold to private companies and are therefore not available except to those who pay for them, leading to a society where only those with material wealth can access vital services.

Hadith with commentary each week, taken from The Sixty Sultaniyya compiled by Abu Luqman Fathullah
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Daily Column  -  25 Jumadi-uthani 1438

Daily Hadith: 24th March 2017

Narrated: Ibn Abbas
that the Messenger of Allah said: "Were people to be given in accordance with their claim, men would claim the fortunes and lives of [other] people, but the onus of proof is on the claimant, and the taking of an oath is incumbent upon him who denies." a fine hadith related by Al-Baihaqi and others
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Supplication when wearing a garment
الحمدُ للهِ الّذي كَساني هذا (الثّوب) وَرَزَقَنيه مِنْ غَـيـْرِ حَولٍ مِنّي وَلا قـوّة

All Praise is for Allah who has clothed me with this garment and provided it for me, with no power nor might from myself.
Supplication when wearing a garment
Fortress of the Muslim

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