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Hadith No: 1771
Narrated/Authority of Aishah
From: Sunan Ibn Majah. Chapter 9, The Book of Fasting
"When the Prophet (saw) wanted to start Itikaf, he would pray the Subh, then he would enter the place where he wanted to observe Itikaf. He wanted to spend the last ten days of Ramadan in Itikaf, so he ordered that a tent be set up for him." Then Aishah ordered that a tent be set up for her, and Hafash ordered that a tent be set up for her. When Zainab saw their two tents, she also ordered that a tent be set up for her. When the Messenger of Allah (saw) saw that, he said: "It is righteousness that you seek?" Then he did not observe Itikaf during Ramadan, and he observed Itikaf during ten days of Shawwal. Hasan
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Hadith No: 9
Narrated/Authority of
From: Imam Malik's Muwatta. Chapter 19, Itikaf in Ramadan
Malik said, "There is no harm in someone who is in itikaf entering into a marriage contract as long as there is no physical relationship. A woman in itikaf may also be betrothed as long as there is no physical relationship. What is haram for someone in itikaf in relation to his womenfolk during the day is haram for him during the night." Yahya said that Ziyad said that Malik said, "It is not halal for a man to have intercourse with his wife while he is in itikaf, nor for him to take pleasure in her by kissing her, or whatever. However, I have not heard anyone disapproving of a man, or woman, in itikaf getting married as long as there is no physical relationship. Marriage is not disapproved of for someone fasting." "There is, however, a distinction between the marriage of someone in itikaf and that of someone who is muhrim, in that some one who is muhrim can eat, drink, visit the sick and attend funerals, but cannot put on perfume, whilst a man or woman in itikaf can put on oil and perfume and groom their hair, but cannot attend funerals or pray over the dead or visit the sick. Thus their situations with regard to marriage are different." "This is the sunna as it has come down to us regarding marriage for those who are muhrim, doing itikaf, or fasting.
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Hadith No: 2
Narrated/Authority of
From: Imam Malik's Muwatta. Chapter 19, Itikaf in Ramadan
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Amra bint Abd ar-Rahman that when A'isha was doing itikaf she would only ask after sick people if she was walking and not if she was standing still. Malik said, "A person doing itikaf should not carry out obligations of his, nor leave the mosque for them, nor should he help anyone. He should only leave the mosque to relieve himself. If he were able to go out to do things for people, visiting the sick, praying over the dead and following funeral processions would be the things with the most claim on his coming out." Malik said, "A person doing itikaf is not doing itikaf until he avoids what some one doing itikaf should avoid, namely, visiting the sick, praying over the dead, and entering houses, except to relieve himself."
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Hadith No: 710
Narrated/Authority of Aisha
From: Sunan An-Nasai. Chapter 8, The Book of the Masjids
"When the Messenger of Allah (saw) wanted to observe Itikaf, he would pray Fajr then enter the place where he wanted to observe Itikaf. He wanted to observe Itikaf during the last ten days of Ramadan, so he commanded that a Khiba (tent) be pitched for him. Then Hafsah ordered that a Khiba be pitched for her, and when Zainab saw her tent she ordered that a Khiba be pitched for her too. When the Messenger of Allah (saw) saw that he said: 'Is it righteousness that you seek?' And he did not observe Itikaf in Ramadan, and observed Itikaf for ten days in Shawwal (instead)." (Sahih)
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Hadith No: 4
Narrated/Authority of
From: Imam Malik's Muwatta. Chapter 19, Itikaf in Ramadan
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that al-Qasim ibn Muhammad and Nafi, the mawla of Abdullah ibn Umar said, "You cannot do itikaf unless you are fasting, because of what Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, says in His Book, 'And eat and drink until the white thread becomes clear to you from the black thread of dawn, then complete the fast until night-time, and do not have intercourse with them while you are doing itikaf in mosques,' (Sura 2 ayat 187). Allah only mentions itikaf together with fasting." Malik said, "That is what we go by here."
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Hadith No: 277
Narrated/Authority of Aisha
From: Sunan An-Nasai. Chapter 1, The Book of Purification
"The Prophet (saw) would put his head out for me while he was performing Itikaf* and I would wash it, when I was menstruating." (Sahih) *Mujawir ("next door") here means while performing Itikaf.
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Hadith No: 1772
Narrated/Authority of Umar
From: Sunan Ibn Majah. Chapter 9, The Book of Fasting
that he had vowed during the Ignorance days to spend one night in Itikaf. He asked the Prophet (saw) about it, so he commanded him to spend it in Itikaf. Sahih
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Hadith No: 258
Narrated/Authority of Abdullah bin Umar
From: Sahih Bukhari. Chapter 33, Retiring to a Mosque for Remembrance of Allah (Itikaf)
Umar bin Al-Khattab said, "O Allah's Apostle! I vowed in the Pre-lslamic period to perform Itikaf in Al-Masjid-al-Haram for one night." The Prophet said, "Fulfill your vow." So, he performed Itikaf for one night.
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Hadith No: 256
Narrated/Authority of Abu Said
From: Sahih Bukhari. Chapter 33, Retiring to a Mosque for Remembrance of Allah (Itikaf)
We practiced Itikaf with Allah's Apostle in the middle ten days (of Ramadan). In the morning of the twentieth (of Ramadan) we shifted our baggage, but Allah's Apostle came to us and said, "Whoever was m Itikaf should return to his place of Itikaf, for I saw (i.e. was informed about the date of) this Night (of Qadr) and saw myself prostrating in mud and water." When I returned to my place the sky was overcast with clouds and it rained. By Him Who sent Muhammad with the Truth, the sky was covered with clouds from the end of that day, and the mosque which was roofed with leaf-stalks of date palm trees (leaked with rain) and I saw the trace of mud and water over the nose of the Prophet and its tip.
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Hadith No: 260
Narrated/Authority of Abu Huraira
From: Sahih Bukhari. Chapter 33, Retiring to a Mosque for Remembrance of Allah (Itikaf)
The Prophet used to perform Itikaf every year in the month of Ramadan for ten days, and when it was the year of his death, he stayed in Itikaf for twenty days.
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