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Chapter no: 39, Book of Representation or Authorisation, Business by Proxy

17 Hadiths In This Chapter. Page: 1 of 2

Hadith no: 501   Report Mistake   Permalink
Narrated / Authority of: Ali
Allah's Apostle (SAW) ordered me to distribute the saddles and skins of the Budn which had slaughtered.

Hadith no: 502   Report Mistake   Permalink
Narrated / Authority of: Uqba bin Amir
that the Prophet (SAW) had given him sheep to distribute among his companions and a male kid was left (after the distribution). When he informed the Prophet (SAW) of it, he said (to him), "Offer it as a sacrifice on your behalf."

Hadith no: 503   Report Mistake   Permalink
Narrated / Authority of: Abdur Rahman bin Auf
I got an agreement written between me and Umaiyya bin Khalaf that Umaiya would look after my property (or family) in Makkah and I would look after his in Medina. When I mentioned the word 'Ar-Rahman' in the documents, Umaiya said, "I do not know 'Ar-Rahman.' Write down to me your name, (with which you called yourself) in the Pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance." So, I wrote my name "Abdu 'Amr'. On the day (of the battle) of Badr, when all the people went to sleep, I went up the hill to protect him. Bilal saw him (i.e. Umaiyya) and went to a gathering of Ansar and said, "(Here is) Umaiyya bin Khalaf! Woe to me if he escapes!" So, a group of Ansar went out with Bilal to follow us (Abdur-Rahman and Umaiyya). Being afraid that they would catch us, I left Umaiyya's son for them to keep them busy but the Ansar killed the son and insisted on following us. Umaiyya was a fat man, and when they approached us, I told him to kneel down, and he knelt, and I laid myself on him to protect him, but the Ansar killed him by passing their swords underneath me, and one of them injured my foot with his sword. (The sub narrator said, " Abdur-Rahman used to show us the trace of the wound on the back of his foot.")

Hadith no: 504   Report Mistake   Permalink
Narrated / Authority of: Abu Said Al-Khudri and Abu Huraira
Allah's Apostle (SAW) employed someone as a governor at Khaibar. When the man came to Medina, he brought with him dates called Janib. The Prophet (SAW) asked him, "Are all the dates of Khaibar of this kind?" The man replied, "(No), we exchange two Sa's of bad dates for one Sa of this kind of dates (i.e. Janib), or exchange three Sa's for two." On that, the Prophet (SAW) said, "Don't do so, as it is a kind of usury (Riba) but sell the dates of inferior quality for money, and then buy Janib with the money". The Prophet (SAW) said the same thing about dates sold by weight. (See Hadith No. 511).

Hadith no: 505   Report Mistake   Permalink
Narrated / Authority of: Kab bin Malik
We had some sheep which used to graze at Sala. One of our slavegirls saw a sheep dying and she broke a stone and slaughtered the sheep with it. My father said to the people, "Don't eat it till I ask the Prophet (SAW) about it (or till I send somebody to ask the Prophet (SAW))." So, he asked or sent somebody to ask the Prophet (SAW), and the Prophet (SAW) permitted him to eat it. Ubaidullah (a sub-narrator) said, "I admire that girl, for though she was a slave-girl, she dared to slaughter the sheep."

Hadith no: 506   Report Mistake   Permalink
Narrated / Authority of: Abu Huraira
The Prophet (SAW) owed somebody a camel of a certain age. When he came to demand it back, the Prophet (SAW) said (to some people), "Give him (his due)." When the people searched for a camel of that age, they found none, but found a camel one year older. The Prophet (SAW) said, "Give (it to) him." On that, the man remarked, "You have given me my right in full. May Allah give you in full." The Prophet (SAW) said, "The best amongst you is the one who pays the rights of others generously."

Hadith no: 507   Report Mistake   Permalink
Narrated / Authority of: Abu Huraira
A man came to the Prophet (SAW) demanding his debts and behaved rudely. The companions of the Prophet (SAW) intended to harm him, but Allah's Apostle (SAW) said (to them), "Leave him, for the creditor (i.e. owner of a right) has the right to speak." Allah's Apostle (SAW) then said, "Give him a camel of the same age as that of his." The people said, "O Allah's Apostle (SAW)! There is only a camel that is older than his." Allah's Apostle (SAW) said, "Give (it to) him, for the best amongst you is he who pays the rights of others generously."

Hadith no: 508   Report Mistake   Permalink
Narrated / Authority of: Marwan bin Al-Hakam and Al-Miswar bin Makhrama
When the delegates of the tribe of Hawazin after embracing Islam, came to Allah's Apostle (SAW), he got up. They appealed to him to return their properties and their captives. Allah's Apostle (SAW) said to them, "The most beloved statement to me is the true one. So, you have the option of restoring your properties or your captives, for I have delayed distributing them." The narrator added, Allah's Apostle (SAW) c had been waiting for them for more than ten days on his return from Taif. When they realized that Allah's Apostle (SAW) would return to them only one of two things, they said, "We choose our captives." So, Allah's Apostle (SAW) got up in the gathering of the Muslims, praised Allah as He deserved, and said, "Then after! These brethren of yours have come to you with repentance and I see it proper to return their captives to them. So, whoever amongst you likes to do that as a favor, then he can do it, and whoever of you wants to stick to his share till we pay him from the very first booty which Allah will give us then he can do so." The people replied, "We agree to give up our shares willingly as a favor for Allah's Apostle (SAW)." Then Allah's Apostle (SAW) said, "We don't know who amongst you has agreed and who hasn't. Go back and your chiefs may tell us your opinion." So, all of them returned and their chiefs discussed the matter with them and then they (i.e. their chiefs) came to Allah's Apostle (SAW) to tell him that they (i.e. the people) had given up their shares gladly and willingly.

Hadith no: 509   Report Mistake   Permalink
Narrated / Authority of: Jabir bin Abdullah
I was accompanying the Prophet (SAW) on a journey and was riding a slow camel that was lagging behind the others. The Prophet (SAW) passed by me and asked, "Who is this?" I replied, "Jabir bin Abdullah." He asked, "What is the matter, (why are you late)?" I replied, "I am riding a slow camel." He asked, "Do you have a stick?" I replied in the affirmative. He said, "Give it to me." When I gave it to him, he beat the camel and rebuked it. Then that camel surpassed the others thenceforth. The Prophet (SAW) said, "Sell it to me." I replied, "It is (a gift) for you, O Allah's Apostle (SAW)." He said, "Sell it to me. I have bought it for four Dinars (gold pieces) and you can keep on riding it till Medina." When we approached Medina, I started going (towards my house). The Prophet (SAW) said, "Where are you going?" I Sad, "I have married a widow." He said, "Why have you not married a virgin to fondle with each other?" I said, "My father died and left daughters, so I decided to marry a widow (an experienced woman) (to look after them)." He said, "Well done." When we reached Medina, Allah's Apostle (SAW) said, "O Bilal, pay him (the price of the camel) and give him extra money." Bilal gave me four Dinars and one Qirat extra. (A sub-narrator said): Jabir added, "The extra Qirat of Allah's Apostle (SAW) never parted from me." The Qirat was always in Jabir bin Abdullah's purse.

Hadith no: 510   Report Mistake   Permalink
Narrated / Authority of: Abu Huraira
Allah's Apostle (SAW) deputed me to keep Sadaqat (al-Fitr) of Ramadan. A comer (Satan) came and started taking handfuls of the foodstuff (of the Sadaqa) (stealthily). I took hold of him and said, "By Allah, I will take you to Allah's Apostle (SAW)." He said, "I am needy and have many dependents, and I am in great need." I released him, and in the morning Allah's Apostle (SAW) asked me, "What did your prisoner do yesterday?" I said, "O Allah's Apostle (SAW)! The person complained of being needy and of having many dependents, so, I pitied him and let him go." Allah's Apostle (SAW) said, "Indeed, he told you a lie and he will be coming again." I believed that he would show up again as Allah's Apostle (SAW) had told me that he would return. So, I waited for him watchfully. When he (showed up and) started stealing handfuls of foodstuff, I caught hold of him again and said, "I will definitely take you to Allah's Apostle (SAW). He said, "Leave me, for I am very needy and have many dependents. I promise I will not come back again." I pitied him and let him go. In the morning Allah's Apostle (SAW) asked me, "What did your prisoner do." I replied, "O Allah's Apostle (SAW)! He complained of his great need and of too many dependents, so I took pity on him and set him free." Allah's Apostle (SAW) said, "Verily, he told you a lie and he will return." I waited for him attentively for the third time, and when he (came and) started stealing handfuls of the foodstuff, I caught hold of him and said, "I will surely take you to Allah's Apostle (SAW) as it is the third time you promise not to return, yet you break your promise and come." He said, "(Forgive me and) I will teach you some words with which Allah will benefit you." I asked, "What are they?" He replied, "Whenever you go to bed, recite "Ayat-al-Kursi" - 'Allahu la ilaha illa huwa-l-Haiy-ul Qaiyum' till you finish the whole verse. (If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay with you and no satan will come near you till morning." So, I released him. In the morning, Allah's Apostle (SAW) asked, "What did your prisoner do yesterday?" I replied, "He claimed that he would teach me some words by which Allah will benefit me, so I let him go." Allah's Apostle (SAW) asked, "What are they?" I replied, "He said to me, 'Whenever you go to bed, recite Ayat-al-Kursi from the beginning to the end - Allahu la ilaha illa huwa-l-Haiy-ul-Qaiyum -.' He further said to me, '(If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay with you, and no satan will come near you till morning.' (Abu Huraira or another sub-narrator) added that they (the companions) were very keen to do good deeds. The Prophet (SAW) said, "He really spoke the truth, although he is an absolute liar. Do you know whom you were talking to, these three nights, O Abu Huraira?" Abu Huraira said, "No." He said, "It was Satan."

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Daily Column  -  23 Rabi-uthani 1438

Daily Hadith: 22nd January 2017

Narrated: Jabir
Allah's Apostle gave pre-emption (to the partner) in every joint property, but if the boundaries of the property were demarcated or the ways and streets were fixed, then there was no pre-emption.
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Selected Hadith Commentary

Narrated: Abu Huraira
that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
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Fortress of the Muslim

Supplication said after the last tashahhud and before salam
اللّهُـمَّ إِنِّـي ظَلَـمْتُ نَفْسـي ظُلْمـاً كَثـيراً وَلا يَغْـفِرُ الذُّنـوبَ إِلاّ أَنْت ، فَاغْـفِر لي مَغْـفِرَةً مِنْ عِنْـدِك وَارْحَمْـني، إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الغَـفورُ الرَّحـيم

O Allah, I have indeed oppressed my soul excessively and none can forgive sin except You, so forgive me a forgiveness from Yourself and have mercy upon me. Surely, You are The Most-Forgiving, The Most-Merciful. From Yourself: i.e. from Your innermost grace without deserving it and a forgiveness which is befitting to your tremendous generosity.
Supplication said after the last tashahhud and before salam
Fortress of the Muslim

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